When sharpening and revising child health plans, countries must first agree on which activities to prioritize. Prioritization exercises can help ensure funds are purposefully allocated and that resources and interventions are strategically selected, leading to more relevant action plans. Criteria for prioritization should be clear and informed by data and outcomes from previous review and analysis activities (e.g. situational analysis, bottleneck analysis, etc.), as well as consultations with multiple stakeholders.

After priorities have been determined, they can be translated into priority action items within a medium-term plan. The process should include setting of objectives and key targets in line with identified priorities and the formulation of key actions (or activities) to achieve the objectives.

Costing is also an integral part of the planning process. Estimating the costs of a plan provides information on the financial resource needs for planned activities, allowing decision-makers to consider whether strategic activities are feasible and affordable. A mapping of relevant documents, including costing exercises from previous plans should be conducted to inform current cost projections. Projected costs can be compared to available financial resources to identify potential resource gaps. Costing is an iterative process, often requiring several rounds of discussion and calculation.

The tools and resources within this section can support countries with the process of setting priorities and strengthening and effectively costing plans for child survival.

Resources

There are 14 Planning and Costing resources below.

To query resources across all CSA toolkit elements, search from the toolkit homepage.

Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Tool | Languages: English, French
This Child Survival Action plan template can help countries develop a medium term plan for prioritized actions to reduce child mortality 
Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Tool | Languages: English, French
This Child Survival Action plan template can help countries develop a medium term plan for prioritized actions to reduce child mortality. This includes example content from Sierra Leone.
Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Guide | Languages: English
As countries prepare to accelerate action for child survival, they are faced with multiple decisions. There is no one-size fits all approach that can be applied to this process, as every context requires different solutions. Countries must decide what is most suitable for their context based on existing health systems challenges, local standards and policy recommendations, financial resources, different stakeholder groups, and other factors. While approaches may vary according to local circumstances, the global CSA working group has developed the following guidance checklist recommending practical steps to consider when developing/sharpening and rolling-out child health plans. This top-level tool should also be useful in identifying which CSA phase a country is in and the category of tools to focus efforts.
Year Published: 2020 | Resource Type: Tool | Languages: English, French
This tool, and accompanying handbook, is designed to cost community health programs and packages of services.  Guidance is provided on how to use results to help assess performance, plan future services, and prepare investment cases for resource mobilization.
Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Presentation | Languages: English, French
This template can be used to support a group exercise during a prioritization workshop.
Year Published: | Resource Type: Tool | Languages: English
EQUIST helps to develop plans based on equity principles. It can be used to analyze bottlenecks for RMNH interventions, identify strategies to overcome bottlenecks, and develop scenarios and cost-comparisons.Accompanying resources:Overview of tools to support prioritization and costing exercisesRecommendations for using EQUIST
Year Published: | Resource Type: Tool | Languages: English, French
LiST is a modeling tool which allows users to estimate the impact of coverage change on mortality in low- and middle-income countries.  It calculates the number of deaths averted under various scenarios, providing planners and decision-makers with an evidence-based approach for setting targets.Accompanying resources:Overview of tools to support prioritization and costing exercisesRecommendations for using LiST
Year Published: | Resource Type: Tool | Languages: English
The OneHealth tool is a modular software tool aimed at supporting national strategic health planning in low- and middle-income countries.  The tool offers a comprehensive approach in linking targets for disease control and prevention programs to the necessary health systems investments.Accompanying resources:Overview of tools to support prioritization and costing exercisesRecommendations for using OneHealth
Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Guide | Languages: English, French
This resource provides an overview of select resources to support costing and prioritization exercises.
Year Published: | Resource Type: Guide | Languages: English, French
This resource outlines some key recommendations to consider when applying EQUIST.
Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Guide | Languages: English, French
This resource outlines some key recommendations to consider when applying LiST.
Year Published: 2024 | Resource Type: Guide | Languages: English, French
This resource outlines some key recommendations to consider when applying the OneHealth tool.
Year Published: 2023 | Resource Type: Action Plan | Languages: English
This is an example Child Survival Action Plan from Sierra Leone.
Year Published: 2016 | Resource Type: Guide | Languages: English, French
This handbook provides practical guidance on national health planning and strategizing for health, including guidance on situational analyses, prioritization exercises, developing operational plans, costing, and budgeting, monitoring and evaluation, and sub-national planning.